A SSHRC funded partnership grant to CYRRC (The Child and Youth Refugee Research Coalition) funds this project for training graduate students in how to conduct research in the field of immigration and vulnerable populations. The project compares economic outcomes of refugees by type of entry visas and by compare these outcomes to other immigrants who entered Canada under family and economic auspices. The study uses the 2016 census available in the RDC and incorporates the new data on visa type, which is available for immigrants arriving in Canada from 1980 on. The analysis answers three core questions. First, what associations exist between entry-status (economic, refugee, etc.) and economic outcomes, such as labour force status, unemployment, full-part time status, occupational location and earnings? Second, does a gap between the economic outcomes of entry-status groups remain while controlling for demographic and other characteristics? Finally, does gender and generational status vary by entry-status and explain some of the differences in economic outcomes experienced by entry-status groups? Understanding disadvantages related to entry-status is a unique opportunity for policymakers to directly improve the economic experiences of all immigrants arriving in Canada. Findings will be useful for removing barriers that range broadly from finding the right jobs for skilled immigrants to aiding refugees find the skills and social capital they need.