This 2020-funded project is part of an award to Professor Boyd from the Partnership Grant to the Canadian Refugee Child, Youth and Family Research Coalition (CYRCC). Using Research to Inform Best Practices for Language, Literacy, Learning, Social Integration, and Child and Family Wellbeing. This project is unique in its use of the 2016 population census to demonstrate the family contexts in which many young children of migrants grow up. Research done for eight countries around 2006 shows that children of immigrants frequently reside in households that are linguistically isolated, defined as households where no person age fourteen or older is using a destination country language. Canada was not among the eight countries studied. The current project rectifies this knowledge gap though two sets of research questions. First, at a descriptive level, what currently are the family contexts for young children of migrants (age 0-12) in 2016? Are certain racial or origin groups more likely than other groups to have multiple family characteristics that could indicate stressors? In addition, using new information previously not available, what variations exist by entry class for children of migrants? Second, what are the predictors of linguistic isolation in the home? Answers to these questions not only highlight the importance of family context but also provide educators and providers of social services with valuable insights into the needs of potentially vulnerable and marginalized children.